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Benchmarks and References

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Process Overview

VAP Preparation and Resources

 

 

Benchmarks and References

As a service to our members and other companies, the Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition (EICC) developed this list of resources which companies may find useful for improving their Corporate Responsibility practices and programs. The EICC and GeSI do not endorse or make any claims about any website link provided here.

 

Initiative

Description

 

Scope of Application

Carbon Calculations (general)

Links to organizations discussing calculating carbon emissions

 
       

Carbon Disclosure Project Supply Chain Program

Questionnaire issued to the key suppliers of large multinational corporations to gather information on climate risk management for investors.

 

Questionnaire is written on behalf of investors, and as a result, emphasizes transparency around financial risks rather than opportunities for operational improvements.

       

Climate Leaders

Guidelines provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency on emissions accounting for organizations.

 

Focused on a company’s owned operations, and limited to U.S. companies.

       

Climate Savers

Initiative of the World Wildlife Fund to promote emissions accounting and adoption of reduction goals.

 

Focused on a company’s owned operations.

       

iNEMI Eco-Impact Evaluator Project

Process-sum based LCA methodology to provide a simplified means for calculating the significant environmental impacts of a particular product type over its life cycle stages. The framework is in draft form and is in pilot stages.

 

Focused on a product-based LCA. It will initially account for CO2 emissions and will expand in the future to include water use and other environmental impacts.

       

ISO 14064, 14065

Specification for quantifying and reporting GHG emissions and removals for organizations, as well as guidance for validation and verification bodies to accredit GHG emissions inventories.

 

Focused on a company’s owned operations; no guidance for supply chain carbon accounting.

       

MIT Product Attribute to Impact Algorithm Project (PAIA)

(Note: The PAIA webpage is currently under development.)

Currently under development, PAIA is a flexible tool that maps ICT product characteristics to environmental impacts with the goal of helping industry develop efficient, resource-sensitive, and actionable sustainability strategies.

 

PAIA utilizes LCA based on a set of IT product data to model the impact of "representative" products, starting with laptops, desktops, and LCD modules throughout their life cycle. The impact assessment is mainly focusing on GHG emissions, though other concerns such as toxics may be included in future iterations. We begin with a high level life cycle assessment including as much uncertainty detail as possible to triage and target data refinement around areas of greatest impact.

       

PAS 2050

Standard for measuring embedded emissions in products, reflecting emissions across a product’s lifecycle.

 

Requires LCA and uses macro-economic assumptions for estimating emissions. This method is difficult to apply to complex products and not useful for tracking emissions reductions as a result of operational improvements.

       

World Semiconductor Council and Semiconductor Industry Association Reporting Program

Tracking system for PFC emissions, energy use, water use and waste in semiconductor manufacturing

 

Applicable to semiconductor manufacturers. Includes quantitative targets for energy, PFCs, water, and waste.

       

WRI / WBCSD Greenhouse Gas Protocol: Scope 3 Initiative

Guidelines for how to account for Scope 3 GHG emissions. Currently in draft form, the guidelines take an LCA-based approach to estimating emissions from supply chain and product use.

 

Requires LCA and uses macro-economic assumptions for estimating emissions. This method is difficult to apply to complex products and not useful for tracking emissions reductions as a result of operational improvements.

 

(Last Updated May 10, 2011)